Góra, Paweł, Li, Zhenyang, Boyarsky, Abraham and Proppe, Harald
(2014)
*Toward a Mathematical Holographic Principle.*
Journal of Statistical Physics, 156
(4).
pp. 775-799.
ISSN 0022-4715

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10955-014-1029-4

## Abstract

Let $X$ and $Y$\ be given sets of real line and let $T(x)\subset Y$ for each $x\in X.$ Consider the Cartesian product $G=\Pi _{x\in X}T(x).$ The elements of this

products are maps $\tau :X\rightarrow Y$ such that $\tau (x)\in T(x)$ for each $x\in X$, and are called selectors of $T.$ The main problem pertaining to selectors is to determine under which conditions on $T$ there exists a

selector having desired topological properties. In work started in \cite{GLB13} and continued in this paper our objective is to study selectors which have interesting dynamical properties, such as possessing absolutely continuous invariant measures. We shall specify $G$ by means of fixed lower and upper boundary maps $\tau _{1}$ and $\tau _{2}.$ On these boundary maps we define a position dependent random map $R_{p}=\{\tau _{1},\tau _{2};p,1-p\},$ which, at each time step, moves the point $x$ to $\tau _{1}(x)$ with probability $p(x)$ and to $\tau _{2}(x)$ with probability $1-p(x)$. Under

general conditions, for each choice of $p(x),$ $R_{p\text{ }}$possesses an absolutely continuous invariant measure with density $f_{p}.$ We refer to this function as an invariant density. Let $\tau $ be a selector which has invariant density function $f.$ One of our objectives is to study conditions under which $p(x)$ exists such that $R_{p}$ has $f$ as its invariant density

function. When this is the case we claim the long term statistical dynamical behavior of a selector (image inside $G$) can be represented by the long term statistical behavior of a random map on the boundaries of $G.$ We refer to such a result as a mathematical holographic principle. We present examples and study the relationship between the invariant densities attainable by classes of selectors and the random maps based on the

boundaries. We show that under certain conditions the extreme points of the invariant densities for selectors are achieved by bang-bang random maps, that is, random maps for which $p(x)\in \{0,1\}.$

Divisions: | Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Mathematics and Statistics |
---|---|

Item Type: | Article |

Refereed: | Yes |

Authors: | Góra, Paweł and Li, Zhenyang and Boyarsky, Abraham and Proppe, Harald |

Journal or Publication: | Journal of Statistical Physics |

Date: | 2014 |

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): | 10.1007/s10955-014-1029-4 |

ID Code: | 980103 |

Deposited By: | PAWEL GORA |

Deposited On: | 25 Jun 2015 16:04 |

Last Modified: | 18 Jan 2018 17:50 |

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