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Application of artificial intelligence to urban wind energy

Title:

Application of artificial intelligence to urban wind energy

Higgins, Stéphanie and Stathopoulos, Ted (2021) Application of artificial intelligence to urban wind energy. Building and Environment, 197 . ISSN 0360-1323

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2021.107848

Abstract

ptimal implementation of urban wind energy contributes towards the development of sustainable cities. This paper focuses on generating an adequate database to use with artificial intelligence (AI) tools to improve the generation of urban wind energy. The paper presents wind tunnel results for square, rectangular, U-shaped, T- shaped, L-shaped buildings and some measurement points in various city configurations. Moreover, the effect of building shapes on turbine street level locations was elaborated using validated CFD literature results on pedestrian level wind conditions. Using these results and literature review from the past decade, a decisional flow chart approach was developed, allowing a preliminary assessment of the modification of upstream wind ve- locities due to urban parametric conditions. Expert and artificial neural network (ANN) systems were built and tested on city configurations with their results compared with those from wind tunnel measurements. The ANN system shows better predictive values than the expert system, with up to 99% success rate. AI programs with the decisional flow chart approach may be used for the identification and assessment of potential turbine locations to maximize the production of urban wind energy.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Higgins, Stéphanie and Stathopoulos, Ted
Journal or Publication:Building and Environment
Date:2021
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.buildenv.2021.107848
Keywords:Urban wind energy, Artificial intelligence modeling, Computational fluid dynamics, Expert system, Artificial neural network, Wind tunnel
ID Code:988340
Deposited By: STEPHANIE HIGGINS
Deposited On:21 May 2021 14:45
Last Modified:21 May 2021 14:45
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