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Novel Sustainable In-Situ Geotextile Filtration Method for Eco-remediation of Eutrophic Lake Waters

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Novel Sustainable In-Situ Geotextile Filtration Method for Eco-remediation of Eutrophic Lake Waters

Cavalcante Pereira, Antonio (2021) Novel Sustainable In-Situ Geotextile Filtration Method for Eco-remediation of Eutrophic Lake Waters. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Climate change and human-made actions are synergically increasing eutrophication cases on inland waters. These augmentation circumstances are not only in places where contamination is higher (i.e., with increased nutrient input) but worldwide due to climate change disruptions. Those excessive nutrients scenarios are augmenting faster trophic status changes to inland waters. Diverse invasive, drastic, intricate, and expensive technologies are applied currently worldwide for eutrophic water remediation, adversely affecting the aquatic biota and reducing its water volume. In order to counterpart this issue, a novel approach method is under study and application, an effective, environmentally safe, and economic eco-remediation technique using a floating filtration system, a silt curtain, and geotextiles (woven and non-woven) as filter media. An in-situ water remediation methodology for the minimally invasive removal of suspended solids and particulate nutrients. A sustainable remediation method supporting the own waterbody’s restoration and directly following three of the 17 Sustainable Developments Goals (SDGs), proposed by United Nations (UN) to be reached before 2030: SDG 6 clean water and sanitation, SDG 12 responsible consumption, and production, and SDG 14 life below water. This pilot in-situ experiment was deployed at Lake Caron, a shallow eutrophic lake located in the Sainte-Anne-des-Lacs municipality in Quebec from summer until mid-fall for two consecutive years (i.e., 2019 and 2020). Lake water quality monitoring were performed using the following parameters: particle size analysis (PSA), total suspended solids (TSS), total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), nitrate (NO3-), chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), temperature (Temp.), oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), conductivity, turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS), chlorophyll a (Chl. a) and blue-green algae-phycocyanin (BGA-PC). Turbidity, total suspended solids (TSS), total phosphorus (TP), blue-green-algae-phycocyanin (BGA-PC), and chlorophyll-a statistically significant average removal efficiencies were 49%, 53%, 22%, 56%, and 57%, respectively in the first-year study and 17%, 36%, 18%, 34% and 32%, respectively in the second year study. Those removal trends prevented primary productivity, in both years. This has demonstrated the hypothesis of sustainable lake water remediation by the method presented. A strong statistically positive correlation was also found, in the second year study, between TSS and turbidity, and with TSS and variables that could represent particles (i.e., total phosphorus, turbidity, chlorophyll-a) same behavior were found with turbidity. Additionally, to comply and strengthen sustainability principles within the project, waste management practices were investigated, based on potential reuse strategies (i.e., for used geotextiles and captured suspended solids) following circular economy principles. After proper washing, the geotextiles exhibited hydraulic proprieties close to a value of the unused ones (related to the flow rate and permittivity) characterizing its possible reuse. Also, liquid waste produced with the captured suspended solids may be classified for future reuse with the high phosphorus content where additional investigation is required. Using this surface water management technique in combination with the proper waste management route as presented, could present this remediation as a promising technique not only for shallow lakes but also for ponds, river sections, coastal regions, bays, and other water types, to ensure proper cleaner water for future generations.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Cavalcante Pereira, Antonio
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:19 August 2021
Thesis Supervisor(s):Mulligan, Catherine N.
Keywords:Total Phosphorus Algae; Cyanobacteria; Suspended solids; Woven geotextile; Lake Water; Remediation; Surface Water; Circular Economy; Nonwoven geotextiles; Reuse; Waste Management; Suspended Solids
ID Code:988914
Deposited By: Antônio Cavalcante Pereira
Deposited On:29 Nov 2021 16:32
Last Modified:29 Nov 2021 16:32
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