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Life cycle assessment of solar district heating with borehole thermal energy storage in Nunavik


Life cycle assessment of solar district heating with borehole thermal energy storage in Nunavik

Wu, Xiuting (2021) Life cycle assessment of solar district heating with borehole thermal energy storage in Nunavik. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Nunavik, a remote subarctic region covering the northern third of Quebec, Canada, relies heavily on diesel to meet residential heating demand. Solar district heating with borehole thermal energy storage (SDH-BTES) has been regarded as one of the most promising solutions that can break the dependence on fossil fuels and develop renewable energy resource locally. Whether to develop an SDH-BTES in Nunavik is not only a technical and economic consideration, but also an environmental deliberation. Even though SDH-BTES systems are considered as an environmentally friendly technique in other regions, it is crucial to analyze its environmental performance in Nunavik, considering the harsh weather condition, inconvenient transportation and backward infrastructure there. Therefore, in this study, a cradle-tograve life cycle assessment (LCA) of SDH-BTES in Nunavik is performed. A heating system for 20 single-family houses in Kuujjuaq, comprising a 1500 m 2 gross solar area and one hundred fifty 30–m–deep borehole heat exchangers, is modeled in SIMAPRO to analyze its environmental performance. The results are presented comparatively with the 20 conventional local household diesel furnaces. The present analyses show that SDH-BTES performs better than local diesel furnace regarding human health, climate change and resources. However, ecosystem quality impact of SDH-BTES system is remains higher than the conventional domestic diesel furnaces due to drilling process and the need to a large land occupation of underground thermal heat storage. Besides, 32418.80 kg GHG emission can be avoided per year using SDH-BTES system. In summary, the LCA results present the extent of the environmental benefits of SDH-BTES for adoption as a renewable energy shortage in Nunavik. The extent of adverse environmental impacts of the system is also characterized and estimated to provide a basis for prioritization and addressing of them.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Wu, Xiuting
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:25 October 2021
Thesis Supervisor(s):Nasiri, Fuzhan and Li, Biao
Keywords:Life cycle assessment, Solar thermal energy, Borehole thermal energy storage, District heating, Nunavik, Environmental impact
ID Code:990111
Deposited By: Xiuting Wu
Deposited On:16 Jun 2022 15:20
Last Modified:16 Jun 2022 15:20


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