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Dirichlet Twists of L-functions of Elliptic Curves over Function Fields


Dirichlet Twists of L-functions of Elliptic Curves over Function Fields

Comeau-Lapointe, Antoine (2022) Dirichlet Twists of L-functions of Elliptic Curves over Function Fields. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Some of the most fundamental questions about L-functions are concerned with the location of their zeros, in particular at the central point, or on the critical line. Following the work of Montgomery, and then of Katz and Sarnak, number theorists have learned that it is very fruitful to study families of L-functions rather than individual L-functions. Given a family of L-functions, it is common to classify it according to its symmetry type. The symmetry type can be either symplectic, orthogonal, or unitary, which refers to the corresponding ensemble from random matrix theory that models most accurately the distribution of the zeros of the family.

This thesis presents two papers studying the zeros of the family of Dirichlet twists of the L-function of an elliptic curve E over F_q[t]. In the first paper (Chapter 2), we show that the one-level density (the study of the low-lying zeros) for this family agrees with the conjecture of Katz and Sarnak based on random matrix theory, for test functions with limited support on the Fourier transform. For quadratic twists, the support of the Fourier transforms of the test functions is restricted to the interval (-1,1), and we observe an orthogonal symmetry. For higher order twists, the support is restricted to (-1/2,1/2) and we observe a unitary symmetry.

In the second paper (Chapter 3), we are taking the opposite point of view, and we construct certain elliptic curves over F_q[t] with infinitely many twists of high order vanishing at the central point, generalizing a construction of Li and Donepudi-Li for Dirichlet L-functions. This construction only works when E/F_q[t] is a constant curve. In the general case where E is not a constant curve, we performed extensive numerical computations that are compatible with the conjectures of David-Fearnley-Kisilevsky and Mazur-Rubin over number fields, which predict that such vanishing should be rare.

The last chapter presents an algorithm to construct the factorizations of the monic polynomials, a description of the zeros of L(E⊗χ,u), and a family of quadratic twists such that the rank of L(χ,u) goes to infinity.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Mathematics and Statistics
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Comeau-Lapointe, Antoine
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Date:12 July 2022
Thesis Supervisor(s):David, Chantal
ID Code:990968
Deposited By: Antoine Comeau-Lapointe
Deposited On:27 Oct 2022 14:15
Last Modified:27 Oct 2022 14:15
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