Shikder, Md Abdul Adud (2011) Advance Temperature Modeling of Solar PV. Masters thesis, Concordia University.
- Accepted Version
Advance Temperature Modeling of Solar PV
Md Abdul Adud Shikder
The low electrical efficiency of the mono-crystalline silicon photovoltaic module is a major drawback that reduces the competitiveness of solar photovoltaic power generation. The purpose of this thesis is to determine the improved efficiency by cooling of the mono-crystalline solar photovoltaic module with the prevailing winds in rural areas. The effect of the prevailing winds was determined by measuring the temperature of the mono-crystalline solar photovoltaic module using an advanced thermal model of the flat plate collector. The surface azimuth of the module is adjusted to minimize the angle between the prevailing wind and module surface to obtain optimum cooling for maximum output power. An analytical relationship between wind speed, wind direction, and panel surface azimuth is developed to achieve maximum output. It is observed in the thermal model that for a wind speed variance of 4 m/s, the efficiency of mono-crystalline silicon solar module increased by 22.9%. Experiments had been carried out in the Concordia solar simulator laboratory where 2.2% variation were found between calculated and experiment results for output power and efficiency. The experiment also validated the temperature variation in different solar cells within the module, which causes a loss in open circuit voltage and output power.
|Divisions:||Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering|
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Authors:||Shikder, Md Abdul Adud|
|Degree Name:||M.A. Sc.|
|Program:||Electrical and Computer Engineering|
|Thesis Supervisor(s):||Pillay, Pragasen|
|Deposited By:||MD ABDUL ADUD SHIKDER|
|Deposited On:||18 Jun 2012 15:02|
|Last Modified:||19 Jun 2012 05:38|
. U.S. Department of Energy,"International Energy Outlook 2010" [Online] July 27, 2010. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.eia.gov/oiaf/ieo/world.html.
. Smil, V., General Energetics: Energy in the Biosphere and Civilization. General Energetics: Energy in the Biosphere and Civilization. Winnipeg : John Wiley & Sons, 1991, p. 240.
. Smil, V., Energy: A Beginner's Guide. Winnipeg : Oneworld, 2006. p. 12.
. Archer, Cristina L and Jacobson, Mark J., Evaluation of global wind power. 2005, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, p. 46.
. FAO, UN, "Energy conversion by photosynthetic organisms" Renewable biological systems for alternative sustainable energy production. [Online] 2008. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.fao.org/docrep/w7241e/w7241e06.htm#TopOfPage.
. U.S. EIA, Energy, "International Energy Annual 2006", U.S. Energy Information Administration. [Online] June-December 2008. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.eia.gov/emeu/iea/Notes%20for%20Table%201_8.html.
. U.S. EIA, Electricity, "International Energy Annual 2006", Independent Statistics and Analysis. [Online] June-December 2008. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.eia.gov/iea/elec.html.
. Naylor, Mark F. and Farmer, Kevin C., "Sun Damage and Prevention", The Electronic Textbook of Dermatology. [Online] 1995. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.telemedicine.org/sundam/sundam2.4.1.html.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Photon Flux", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/properties-of-sunlight/photon-flux.
. Parrott, J. E., Choice of an equivalent black body solar temperature. 1993, Solar Energy, pp. 195-195.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart., "The Sun", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/properties-of-sunlight/the-sun#ref2.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart., "The Sun", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: March 7, 2012.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/properties-of-sunlight/the-sun.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Solar Radiation in Space", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: February 29, 2012.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/properties-of-sunlight/solar-radiation-in-space.
. Athienitis, A.K., Building Thermal Analysis, 2nd Edition. Boston : s.n., 1999.
. Duffie, John A. and Beckman, William A., Solar Engineering of Thermal Processe, Wisconsin : John Wiley & Sons, 2006.
. Jhon Twidell, Tony Weir, Renewable Energy Resources, New York : Taylor and Francis, 2006. ISBN.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Solar Cell Structure" PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: February 26, 2012.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/solar-cell-operation/solar-cell-structure.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Effect of Parasitic Resistances", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: February 26, 2012.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/solar-cell-operation/effect-of-parasitic-resistances.
. Messenger, Roger A. and Ventre, Jerry, Photovoltaic Systems Engineering. Florida : CRC Press LLC, 2005.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Short Circuit Current", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: February 26, 2012.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/solar-cell-operation/short-circuit-current.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Short Circuit Current", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/solar-cell-operation/short-circuit-current.
. Sinton, R. A. and Cuevas, A., Contactless determination of current–voltage characteristics and minority-carrier lifetimes in semiconductors from quasi-steady-state photoconductance data. 1996, Applied Physics Letters, pp. 2510-2512.
. Green, M. A., Solar cell fill factors: General graph and empirical expressions. 1981, Solid-State Electronics, pp. 788 - 789.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Efficiency" PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: February 26, 2012.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/solar-cell-operation/efficiency.
. L. L. Kazmerski, "Best Research Cell Efficiency", [Online] 2011. [Cited: February 26, 2012.]
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Series Resistance", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2010. [Cited: July 24, 2011.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/solar-cell-operation/series-resistance.
. H. Lund, R. Nilsen, O. Salomatova, D. Skåre, E. Riisem, "Different Generations of Solar Cells", Solar Cells. [Online] 2008. [Cited: February 27, 2012.] http://org.ntnu.no/solarcells/pages/generations.php.
. Queisser, William Shockley and Hans J.," Detailed Balance Limit of Efficiency of p‐n Junction Solar Cells" . 12, California : The American Institute of Physics, 1960, Vol. 32. ISSN.
. Honsberg, Christiana and Bowden, Stuart, "Module Materials", PVEDUCATION, [Online] 2012. [Cited: February 29, 2012.] http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/modules/module-materials.
. Khan, B. H., Non Conventional Energy Technologies. s.l. : McGrawHill, 2005.
. Ayoub, Josef ;Bailey, Lisa Dignard ;Poissant, Yves, "National Reports", International Energy Agency Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme, [Online] 2010. [Cited: August 8, 2011.] http://www.iea-pvps.org/index.php?id=93&tx_damfrontend_pi1=&tx_damfrontend_pi1[catPlus]=&tx_damfrontend_pi1[catEquals]=&tx_damfrontend_pi1[catMinus]=&tx_damfrontend_pi1[catPlus_Rec]=71&tx_damfrontend_pi1[catMinus_Rec]=&tx_damfrontend_pi1[treeID]=201&tx_da.
. U.S. Department of Energy, "Building Energy Software Tools Directory", Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, [Online] January 9, 2011. [Cited: July 30, 2011.] http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/tools_directory/subjects.cfm/pagename=subjects/pagename_menu=other_applications/pagename=subjects#P.
. PVRESOURCES, "Photovoltaic Software", PVRESOURCES, [Online] May 11, 2011. [Cited: July 30, 2011.] http://www.pvresources.com/en/software.php.
. Homer Energy, "Optimizing Clean Power Everywhere", Homer Energy, [Online] [Cited: July 31, 2011.] http://www.homerenergy.com/index.html.
. PVSYST SA, "PVSYST", Download PVSYST, [Online] [Cited: July 31, 2011.] http://www.pvsyst.com/.
. Autodesk, "Autodesk Ecotect Ananlysis", Autodesk, [Online] [Cited: July 31, 2011.] http://usa.autodesk.com/adsk/servlet/download/item?siteID=123112&id=13140033.
. Siraki, Arbi Gharakhani, Pillay, Pragasen and Williamson, Sheldon S.,"Comparison of PV System Design Software Packages for Urban Application", Montreal : World Energy Council, 2010. World Energy Congress, Montreal 2010.
. Attia, Shady and Herde, André De., "Sizing Photovoltaic Systems during Early Design: A Decision Tool for Architects", Phoenix : American Solar Energy Society, 2010. SOLAR 2010.
. Canadian Solar, "Products and Applications", Canadian Solar, [Online] [Cited: July 30, 2011.] http://www.canadiansolar.com/upload/modules/New%20Product%20Annoucement/NewEdge%20All-black%20CS5A-MX_en.pdf.
. Sharp, "Sharp NU Series", [Online] [Cited: July 30, 2011.] http://www.sharpdirect.co.uk/content/ebiz/sharp/resources/pdf/solarspecsheet_nu.pdf.
. Ingeteam, "Photovoltaic Solar Energy", Ingeteam, [Online] [Cited: July 30, 2011.] http://www.ingeteam.it/userfiles/allegati/photovoltaicsolarenergyuk_1258046518.pdf.
. Navigatuer Urban Software, "Navigatuer Urbain", [Online] [Cited: July 30, 2011.] www.navurb.com.
. World, Maps of. Prevailing Winds, "Maps of World", [Online] [Cited: February 29, 2012.] http://www.mapsofworld.com/referrals/weather/weather-phenomenon/prevailing-winds.html.
. Duffie, John A. and Beckman, William A., Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Wisconsin : John Wiley & Sons, 2006.
. Nellis, Gregory and Klein, Sanford, Heat Transer. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2009.
. McAdams, W. H., Heat Transmission. New York : McGraw-Hill, 1954.
. Watmuff, J.H., Charter, W.W.S. and Proctor, D. , Solar and wind induced external coefficients - Solar collectors. 1977. Cooperation Mediterraneenne pour l'Energie Solaire, Revue Internationale d'Heliotechnique, 2nd Quarter. p. 56.
. King, D. L.; Boyson, W. E.; Kratochvil, J. A., "Photovoltaic Array Performance Model", New Mexico : Sandia National Laboratories, 2004.
. King, David L., Kratochvil, Jay A. and Boyson, William E. Anaheim, "Temperature Coefficient for PV Modules and Arrays : Measurement Methods, difficulties, and Results", CA : IEEE, 1997. 26th PVSC. pp. 1183-1186.
. Oh, Jaewon and TamizhMani, GovindaSamy, "Temperature Testing and Analysis of PV Modules per ANSI/UL 1703 AND IEC 61730 Standards", Honolulu : IEEE, 2010. 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. pp. 984-988.
. TamizhMani, Govindasamy, "Photovoltaic Module Thermal/Wind Performance:Long -Term Monitoring and Model Development For Energy Rating", Colorado : National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2003. NCPV and Solar Program Review Meeting 2003. pp. 936-939.
. IEC, NOCT, PV/61512 Testing and Measuring Equipment. [Online] 2005. [Cited: July 28, 2011.] http://www.iecee.org/ctl/equipment/pdf/pv/EL_IEC61215_Ed1_final.pdf.
. IEC. TC 82, Solar photovoltaic energy systems. International Electrotechnical Commission. [Online] October 2011. [Cited: July 28, 2011.] http://www.iec.ch/dyn/www/f?p=103:23:0::::FSP_ORG_ID:1276.
. Green, M. A., "Solar Cells - Operating Principles, Technology and System Application", Kensington, Australia : University of NSW, 1992.
. Koirala, Binod Prasad, Sahan, Benjamin and Henze, Norbert., "Study on MPP Mismatch Losses in Photovoltaic Applications", Hamburg : Fraunhofer, 2009. European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC). pp. 3727-3733.
. Picault, D., "Changing photovoltaic array interconnections to reduce mismatch losses: a case study", Prague : EEEIC, 2010. International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering 2010.
. Patel, Hiren and Agarwal, Vivek, "MATLAB-Based Modeling to Study the Effects of Partial Shading on PV Array Characteristics", IEEE Power and Energy Society, 2008. Energy Conversion. pp. 302-310.
Repository Staff Only: item control page